They helped tame the West.
Twelve of them earned the Congressional Medal of Honor.
And they were proud to be called "Buffalo Soldiers."
They were the black troops of
the Ninth and Tenth U.S. Cavalry and the 24th and 25th U.S.
Infantry. Comprised entirely of African-American soldiers these
four regiments compiled a notable record of military
accomplishments. In the late 19th Century, they patrolled the
turbulent Western frontier from Arizona to Montana, and
distinguished themselves in campaigns against the Apache, Cheyenne
The black soldiers were often ferocious and courageous in battle,
even when outnumbered. Out of respect, it was the Cheyenne who
first referred to these hard-fightingblack men in blue as "Buffalo
Soldiers" - reportedly because their hair resembled that of the
revered bison. To the Plains Indians, the buffalo was a symbol of
strength and courage - characteristics easily identified with the
black troops of the West.
Because the Buffalo was a sacred animal to the Indians the
Cavalrymen accepted the title with great pride. Proudly adopted,
the name became a highly respected American